General Questions

Is there such a thing as a “teacup” Yorkie?

  • No. Many yorkie breeder’s claim to have “teacup” Yorkie’s and justify charging more for such claims on their puppies. The Yorkie standard gives no preference for smaller dogs within the 7 pound weight limit. Extra care should be given to the more tiny Yorkies as some are more susceptible to hypoglycemia, physical injuries due to falls, etc. The Yorkshire Terrier standard as defined by the American Kennel Club (AKC) is to not exceed 7 pounds.
  • The desired size of the Yorkie is a personal choice. Families with small children might try to find a larger Yorkie, where as other’s might be in search for the so called “purse baby”. Smaller Yorkies may be more susceptible to disease and injuries due to their size. Also, many vets will charge more for working on smaller Yorkies because it is more difficult (and dangerous) because of the smaller size.
  • There is no such breed! The Yorkshire Terrier breed standard classifies Yorkies as up to 7 pounds. They may weigh from 4 to 7 pounds. If a breeder or pet store is selling a “teacup” or “mini”, run away! They may be shady and misrepresenting the Yorkie. The tiny ones may be sold too early, perhaps just so they can call them “teacups” or a “mini”. If you are set on a smaller Yorkie, ask your breeder when their next litter will be. There will be some “smaller” Yorkies in the litter from which to choose from. Most consider a respected breeder to be one that is AKC registered. While that does not always determine that they are to be trusted 100%, there are standards and qualifications that AKC registered breeders must pass.
  • There are small, full-grown Yorkies that may only weigh 2 pounds. But, it is very rare for Yorkies to be that small. If you have a Yorkie that is on the small side of the scale, you must be very careful with them, as they are definitely more “fragile” than standard sized ones and you must take extra precautions with them, such as making sure they don’t fall from a high place or that they don’t jump off of places.

What are Yorkies bred for?

The Yorkshire Terrier is a small breed of terrier type dog, which was developed during the 19th century in Yorkshire, England, to catch rats in clothing mills. The defining feature of this breed is its maximum size of 7 pounds (3.2 kg), although some may exceed this and grow up to 15 pounds (6.8 kg).

Why is my puppy not eating and sleeping all the time? He/she seems to not have any energy and is weak.

  • * Hypoglycemia is a disorder of the central nervous system caused by low blood sugar. It can occur most often in small, young, stressed, or active Yorkies due to not being able to store enough glucose (sugar) within their system.
  • Signs such as sleepiness, weakness, and loss of appetite and or coordination may appear suddenly. Left untreated, the condition can worsen until the dog has seizures, loses consciousness, and dies.
  • Nutrical is a vitamin supplement provided by your vet should be administered immediately to your pup. If Nutrical is not readily available upon your pups symptoms offer sugar water or syrup or honey in very small amounts. Seek immediate veterinary care.

Are Greenies and other hard chewable treats ok for my Yorkie?

  • * Any food item or treat given to your Yorkie has the ability to not be properly digested or cause internal injury. There have been some concern with YorkieTalk members over concern and negative experiences upon giving “Greenies” to their Yorkies. Lodging, intestine disruption/blockage, and diarrhea have been symptoms some Yorkies have experienced. However, many other member’s Yorkies having the “Greenies” have not had any ill effects.WARNING concerning Greenies
  • With all food/treat items supervise your Yorkie closely. Monitor him/her to see if any treat given has caused any problems and make sure they are properly chewing the food, and not just “gulping” it down.

Are Yorkies hard to housebreak?

Any breed of dog can be housebroken. Smaller breeds of dogs have been known to possibly take longer. It seems that some Yorkies take years to fully housebreak while others only take a couple weeks or months. Personal preference to use puppy pads for inside housebreaking or outside training will work with the proper training “techniques” which training manuals are highly recommended. What works for one Yorkie might not for another. Some Yorkie owners use the kennel method, other owners designate a small area of the house to contain the Yorkie in until the Yorkie is mature enough to have full rein of the house and is completely housebroken. Patience and dedication with positive reinforcement is the key to housebreaking your Yorkie.

Where can I find a Yorkie puppy and find a good honest breeder?

Breeders fit into categories and like any business there are levels of desirability. There are the high profile professionals, those who exhibit and advertise regularly being dedicated fanciers, and then there are the “Mom and Pop” breeders who have litters just a few times also known as “back yard breeders (BYBs)”.

Research on your part, trust in the breeder, and learning as much as you can about any breeder will help in the search for your Yorkie pup. Internet searches, local newspapers, and visiting dog shows can give you insight and breeder information. Time, patience, and trust is worth a million in your search for your Yorkie pup.

Another method of finding a breeder is by a personal referral from someone you trust. If you know someone that has a Yorkie locally, ask where they got their Yorkie from and if they are happy with the breeder. Most will be happy to give you honest opinions about their breeder. Also, you can ask for recommendations from YorkieTalk members, ask in the YorkieTalk Regional Forums, or look in the Yorkies For Sale forum. It may be better to trust YorkieTalk members who have been around a while (members with a few hundred posts or more). There are also quite a few reputable breeders on YorkieTalk as well that people have gotten Yorkies from with satisfaction.

My Yorkie puppy’s ears won’t stand up, what can I do?

Most Yorkie’s ears will stand up between 6-8 weeks of age, sometimes not for up to 4 months. In aid to help your Yorkie’s ears stand up taping or trimming the hair off the tips of the ears works well. Some Yorkies ears (after standing up) might flop down again for short periods due to vaccinations, stress, or illness. Some people do not believe in taping, as an alternative, you can trim the hairs off the tips and massage the ears daily for them to get them to stay up.

How often can I bathe my Yorkie? What type of shampoos, conditioners, and or oils should I use?

Some Yorkies are bathed more often then others, it depends on your Yorkie’s coat and skin type. Some Yorkies experience dry skin and can not tolerate often bathings, others are bathed 2-3 times per week. Once a week is usually sufficient in keep your Yorkie clean with daily brushings. Many Yorkie owners find that a small wash cloth to wash up their Yorkie’s face daily works well in between bathings. Also, if your Yorkie has a lot of eye boogers near the eye area, you can use a flea comb to clean the eye boogers out. Most Yorkie owners brush their Yorkies daily, the length of time of brushing may depend on the length of your Yorkies coat, the longer the coat, the more you may need to brush it.

Any pet shampoo/conditioner should work on your Yorkie. Most products are of personal preference. Many claim that using “human” products do not have the correct PH level and are not recommended to use on Yorkies. Again, most is of personal preference and what seems to work best for your Yorkie.

What Immunizations are required for my Yorkie?

Vet’s recommend vaccinations at 6, 9, 12, and 16 weeks with no Lepto. The Rabies vaccine is given at 6 months of age with some vet’s not giving until later depending on the state which you live in. Communicate with your Yorkies vet to determine the best schedule of vaccinations. There have also been news reports that vaccinations can be more harmful than good for dogs.

What is the best puppy food to give to my Yorkie? What foods should I AVOID giving my Yorkie?

A high quality puppy dry kibble should be adequate for your Yorkie. Most types of puppy food is of personal preference regarding food brands, wet or dry, homemade, holistic, etc.

Some Yorkies have been known to be finicky eaters and refuse to eat. Offering plain rice, boiled chicken, cottage cheese, scrambled eggs, plain yogurt, chicken livers, baby meat sticks, etc are often given in helps to boost your Yorkie’s appetite. Healthy human snacks can consist of carrots and small pieces of fruit. With any sudden diet change your Yorkie might experience an upset tummy ending in diarrhea. Gradual change in any Yorkies diet is suggested.

Foods to avoid giving your Yorkie are onions, dark chocolate, and hot spices. Some Yorkies have been given chocolate with no problems, but we would strongly suggest not giving them any if you can help it.

How much will my Yorkie pup weigh as an adult?

You can get a rough idea of your puppy’s eventual adult height and weight by doubling the puppy’s height and weight at 13 weeks of age. Also knowing the weight of your puppy’s parents can give you an idea too. There normally are no guarantees on how much your puppy will weigh when he/she is an adult. Some breeder’s might put a guarantee for weight on their contract, but seldom do you find such a guarantee. Genetics is almost impossible to determine.

Where can I find clothes for my Yorkie

Thanks to the efforts of Yorkie Talk members, listed below are many Internet sites to browse for items to spoil your Yorkie. YorkieTalk also has a Yorkie Directory with which you can find other Yorkshire Terrier information resources, Yorkier personal sites, and shops.



Why is my Yorkie’s coat not shiny and silky like seen in books?

Genetics plays a major factor in determining the coat your Yorkie will achieve. Some mature to have a silky shiny coat with no problems matting while others are wooly and wavy and seem to matt easily. It has been seen that no bathing products can change the type of coat your Yorkie is destined to have but find some grooming products make a coat more manageable and more desired.

I will be bringing my new Yorkie pup home soon, what do I need?

    1. A trusted qualified vet who specializes in smaller breeds
    2. Small kennel/crate
    3. Safe toys
    4. Grooming items, shampoo/conditioners, brush/comb
    5. Food (most often breeders recommend your Yorkie pup maintain the same diet that he/she is on when adopted. If you’d like to change your Yorkie’s diet change it gradually to decrease the chances of an upset tummy.
    6. Soft bed
    7. Food/water dishes. Plastic food and water dishes normally are not recommended as they can harbor harmful bacteria.
    8. Harness type collar with leash
    9. Yorkshire Terrier handbooks for reference

There will be some things that you will need to purchase and have ready after you get your Yorkie. He will need a bed, food, toys, hair brushes, food and water bowl, leash, and collar. If you plan on transporting your Yorkie much, you will also need to get a pet carrier.

Yorkie bed: Choose a bed with a good cushion with thick fabric. That will keep your Yorkie warm at night.

Food: Ask the breeder what food they have been feeding your Yorkie. They will have a good idea of what is good for Yorkies if they raise them. For “wet foods” I prefer Cesar, but other brands like Royal Canin will work as well. Get some dry kibble as well. I suggest small amounts of each in the beginning, as your Yorkie will show you what it likes and dislikes by it’s eating of it.

Food and water dish: Get a dish with two sections, one for water, one for food. Steel dishes may be best for hygiene purposes but plastic dishes would work as well.

Toys: Get some soft plush toys for your Yorkie to play with. Any petstore should have plenty of soft toys to choose from. Be careful of toys that have materials that could fall off or splinter off, as it may injure your baby. You can also give them an old T-shirt of yours or an old tied up sock of yours. When you are gone, they like having your scent around.

Hair brushes: Get a brush or two so you can groom your Yorkie and take care of its coat. An air-cushioned wire brush and a natural bristle brush would be good choices.

Leash and collar: Get a leash and collar that fits your baby. A simple short leash should do.

Choosing A Yorkie: Puppy or Full Grown?

When choosing a Yorkshire Terrier, you can get a baby or you can get a full-grown one. Getting a baby is a challenge. They will need your full attention, as they will need to be fed, constantly kept busy, as well as the need to be trained. For the first few months with your Yorkie, it’s best to spend as much time as possible with your baby, as it will grow loyalty early. While Yorkies are very loyal dogs, the earlier they bond to you, the earlier they will be fully loyal. If you have the time and patience and are physically able to take care of a Yorkie puppy, it should be very satisfying to raise it and see it grow. Many Yorkie owners have great joy in knowing they helped raise their Yorkie from a small baby that fits in the palm of their hand, to a full healthy, able Yorkie adult.

Remember to take as many pictures as you can with a puppy, as you will definitely appreciate it later on. With the advent of digital cameras, picture taking is very affordable now. If you do go digital, remember to back up your pictures, as hard drives can often crash and you may lose your valuable pictures. Backing up to a CD-R or DVD-R or even another computer is an easy solution to potentially disasterous data loss.

If you choose to go full grown, do make sure it is healthy and try to get it checked out a vet. You can also rescue adult Yorkies at several Yorkie Rescue sites or the pound. They should be able to integrate into your family, but it will take a bit of time to form that bond and trust to its owner. If the Yorkie is already trained, it may still need some time to readjust to its surroundings and its new home. Do not expect it to be trained in your home immediately.

Choosing A Yorkie: One or More?

You can choose to have just one Yorkshire Terrier. He will, eventually, be spoiled. But that’s okay!

If you are planning to have more than one Yorkie in your family, it’s best to get them at the same time. That way, they will not have territorial issues of a new animal coming into the house. Also, if you have two or more puppies, they are able to take care of each other and help each other growing up. When they are home alone, they will have a play mate and will not be as lonely. Leaving on a TV or radio can always help make them feel more at home.

If you choose to add a Yorkie with one already grown, it’s advisable to choose a puppy as the 2nd Yorkie. That way, the older one can help the puppy grow. Just remember not to take away any “rights” of the older Yorkie. Retain the first Yorkie’s rights and do still pay attention to it. That will help the transition for the older Yorkie as the new Yorkie comes into your lives.

To choose the sex of the Yorkie, remember that if you have one male and one female, they will want to mate, especially when the female is in heat. If you are not trying to breed, you can get two of the same sex, either two boys or two girls. That will avoid this problem.

How do I transport my Yorkie?

If you are planning to take your Yorkshire Terrier somewhere via car, it is advisable to put him in a pet carrier, either soft or hard. While your Yorkie may growl for attention or try to escape the carrier, it is the safest position for it. While you may see many owners let their big dogs roam around the car while driving, it is dangerous. While you may be the safest driver in the world, not everyone else is. If someone rear ends you or you need to suddenly brake hard, your Yorkie could end up flying, which may result in serious injury or even death for your pet if it is not in a carrier of some sort. If your Yorkie is in your lap while driving, the force of an airbag deployment may also be potentially fatal.

I prefer to put my Yorkie in a soft carrier with his blanket and a “comfort item”, such as one of my tee shirts or one of his toys. You can also keep your Yorkie occupied with a bone or other treat during the trip. I also put the carrier on the floor of the car, as putting the carrier on the seat could still lead to injury as most carriers are not able to be fastened in via a seat belt. I usually angle the carrier and position the front seat (if I do not have a passenger besides my Yorkie) so that the carrier is snug and will not roll. Early on in being a transport, I have accidentally made the carrier roll in the front seat area due to braking too hard.

Remember safety first, as you will not want to know later on that you could have prevented an accident. Please be careful out there!

How do I start my training my Yorkie?

Reward. Reward. Reward. Be sure to vocally praise your Yorkie when they do something good. It’s best to start off training with only one commander. That way your Yorkie will grow accustomed to one voice, and that will bring less confusion. When your Yorkie comes when he is called, praise him. You may want to give him a little treat, some kind of food will work. Once he relates the treat to being obedient, he will learn.

Also, be patient. Training is not a one-time thing. You will need to put aside perhaps 30 minutes or an hour each day for a few weeks to teach your Yorkie.

When your Yorkie does something bad, do scold him. Never hit your Yorkie, a loud clap of your hands, or make a loud noise (like using the cardboard part of a paper towel roll) will be sufficient. You can also “quarantine” your Yorkie or leave him alone in the bathroom, or put him in a high area (make sure he won’t jump). Don’t quarantine him for too long, perhaps 10 or 15 minutes.

Why does my Yorkie continue to hump our other pets in our household even though she/he has been spayed/neutered?

Your Yorkie is showing not a sexual behavior but that of dominance. Normally when there is more than one pet in the family and even if all of them are spayed or neutered, one or more of the animals will need to show “who is boss” or dominance over the other(s).

If you begin to see this behavior constantly between your pet(s) or begin to notice this behavior on you or your children a stern “no” should be given to show that this behavior is not allowed. If they are humping your child or a visitor’s leg, that should definitely not be tolerated. Try shaking coins in a tin can when they show such behavior to scare them into not humping.

What can I do in an emergency with my Yorkie (such as bumping their head real hard, limping because of wrong landing after a jump, bleeding or cuts, constantly vomiting and diarrhea) besides going to emergency vet. I mean if it's the middle of the night or just in the meantime BEFORE I can go to the vet?

Most emergency vets are open 24 hours, however first aid attention might need to be given before hand. If you feel your Yorkie needs immediate attention prior to going to the vet the following can help. It is best to prepare for an emergency before hand with your veterinarian’s emergency phone number at hand. Also, it is very helpful to have a prepared first aid kit including a photocopy of emergency numbers and first aid instructions in it. Your first aid kit should include:

  • Rectal thermometer (normal temps are 101.5-102.5 F)
  • Tweezers
  • Scissors
  • Sterile gauze dressings
  • Self-adhesive bandage (such as Vet-Wrap)
  • Karo syrup or Nutrical
  • Instant cold compress
  • Anti-diarrhea medication
  • Ophthalmic ointment
  • Soap
  • Antiseptic skin ointment
  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Clean sponge
  • Pen light
  • Syringe (12 cc curved tip is very handy)
  • Towel
  • First aid instructions
  • Veterinarian and emergency clinic numbers

If your Yorkie has fallen, hit their head, or possibly has a limb fracture, attempts to immobilize fractures with splints tend to do more harm than good, so it’s best to keep the Yorkie still and cushion the limb from further trauma without splinting.

If your Yorkie is bleeding, if possible to do so elevate the wound site and apply a cold pack to it. Do NOT remove impaled objects. Cover the wound with a clean dressing and apply pressure. Don’t remove blood-soaked bandages; apply more dressings over them and leave them even after bleeding stops. If the wound is on an extremity, apply pressure to the closest pressure point. For a front leg, press inside of the leg just above the elbow; for a rear leg, press inside of the thigh where the femoral artery crosses the thigh bone; for the tail, press the underside of the tail, close to where it joins the body.

For abdominal wounds, place a warm, wet sterile dressing over any protruding internal organs and cover with a bandage or towel. Do not attempt to push organs back into the dog.

For head wounds, apply gentle pressure to control bleeding. Monitor for loss of consciousness or shock.

If your Yorkie has vomiting it may or may not indicate a serious problem. Vomiting after eating grass is usually of no great concern, but the following circumstances require veterinary attention as soon as possible:

  • Projectile vomiting, or vomit containing blood or anything resembling fecal matter or coffee grounds (which is how partially digested blood looks)
  • Repeated vomiting could indicate that your Yorkie has eaten spoiled food or undigestible objects or has a stomach illness.
  • Vomiting immediately after eating could indicate an esophageal problem.
  • Sporadic vomiting with poor appetite and generally poor condition could indicate internal parasites or a more serious internal disease.

If your Yorkie has diarrhea, diarrhea medication is often helpful. You can use one for human babies or children; avoid any containing salt. A bland diet consisting of rice, tapioca, or cooked macaroni, along with cottage cheese or tofu for protein, can be given. Try giving your Yorkie fresh water so your Yorkie does not become dehydrated.

Remember this is just for informational purposes only, please see an emergency vet for the best course of care for your Yorkie in case of an accident.

What's a silky Yorkie coat and what's a cottony Yorkie coat?

A silky coat is glossy and fine in texture. It will be perfectly straight and not wavy. The cottony coat can be wavy and appear wooly in texture. It normally has wave to it and does not lay perfectly straight.

What are the different types of colors of Yorkies, and how do you define them (steel blue, tan, etc.)?

Although Yorkie pups are born black and tan, their color changes as they mature. The ideal coat color for adult Yorkies is blue (actually a deep, steel gray; no silver, black, or bronze mixed in) and tan. The AKC also recognizes black instead of blue and gold instead of tan. Your Yorkie can be any of these color combinations: blue and gold, blue and tan, black and gold, and black and tan.

On the body: Blue or black from the back of the neck to the tip of the tail.
On the head: Golden tan or gold on the fall, with a richer tan/gold on the ears and muzzle.
On the chest and legs: Tan or gold on the chest. On the legs, the tan/gold should go no higher than the elbow on the front legs and the stifle on the hind legs.

Toy Breed Puppy Growth Chart (created by YT member feminvstr), you may visit the char at her Web site here:

Do Yorkshire terrier shed?

Some people think Yorkies are hypoallergenic dogs because they don’t shed like dogs with fur. This is not true. People with allergies to dogs are not sensitive to their fur. According to New York Times, the sensitivity is actually to a dog’s dander and saliva.

Travel Questions

What about traveling with your Yorkie on an airline?

Check ahead with the airlines first, the charge will be $75 to $100 per way for your Yorkie to travel with you.

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